Why do My Teeth Have Ridges?

You might be concerned about the ridges that form on the edge of your teeth. This condition, known as a mamelon tooth, usually appear as three small but prominent ridges or protuberances on central and lateral incisors, creating a scalloped or even wavy edge to the tooth similar to a serrated knife. The word mamelon is of French derivation,” describing their small, bumpy appearance. Mamelons are made up of enamel, just like the rest of your tooth’s coating. Mamelons don’t have any health implications or other importance, but many people find them visually unappealing. Most dentists believe that the main reason for mamelons is to help new permanent teeth break through the gums. However, there is no critical importance for them once a child’s full set of permanent teeth come in.

How are Ridges Formed?

Mamelons are found most frequently on children as their permanent teeth grow in, but they do get worn out over time which is why they are less frequently seen on adult teeth. They may start as very distinctive, larger bumps, and then lessen to a mild wavy texture over time. Occasionally, mamelons can also be found on children’s baby teeth. While mamelons usually get worn down naturally through typical everyday biting, chewing, and coming into contact between your upper and lower incisors, sometimes mamelons do not get eroded on their own and you may choose to see a dentist to smooth out the mamelon ridges if you find them unsightly. Adults may also find that their mamelons have not worn away if they have an open bite, where their front top and front bottom teeth do not come into contact, or if they have other jaw misalignment issues.

How to Fix Ridged Teeth

A simple dentist appointment is a typical path to remove mamelons if you don’t like the look of ridges on your teeth. Make an appointment with your dentist to discuss whether tooth reshaping, contouring, or shaving might be possible for you. Smoothing down mamelons is quick and non-invasive. It’s considered a basic dental procedure that doesn’t impact nerve endings or causes any excess discomfort. Book an appointment with your dentist now if you have ridges on your teeth that you would like to have removed.

 

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